esp
Acerca de   |   Newsletter
Demand & Supply Chain Management Evolution


Supply Chain Glosario

Glosario  >  I  >  Incoterms  


 

Incoterms


Fuente: Procurement Glossary
Autor: Paul Rogers
Instituto: CIPS - UK

Cortesía de


 

Incoterms is shorthand for International Commercial Terms and is a registered trademark of the International Chamber of Commerce [ICC].  Incoterms is a series of pre-defined rules relating to particular terms used in international commercial transactions to ensure that both parties understand their rights and obligations.  The primary intention of Incoterms is to clarify ‘who does what’ and ‘what each pays for’ in terms of the transportation, insurance and delivery of goods, especially across international boundaries or where the parties do not have a trading history.  The terms were updated in 2011 and the number of terms was reduced, but there are still ‘E’ terms, ‘C’ terms, ‘F’ terms and ‘D’ terms.

The ‘E’ term is EXW, for ‘ex-works’, and means that the seller makes the goods available for collection from their premises.  This method places maximum obligation with the buyer and minimum with the seller.  ‘F’ terms, for example FCA, (free carrier at a named place of delivery) means that the seller hands over the goods, cleared for export, to a carrier at a named place as decided by the buyer.  The seller pays for delivery of the goods to the named place, and risk passes to the buyer when the goods are transferred to the nominated carrier from the seller.  The buyer has significant obligations with this method and typically uses a 3PL logistics provider to manage the supply chain from receipt of the goods to delivery at the buyer’s location.  ‘C’ terms, for example CIP, (carriage and insurance to a named place of destination) mean that the seller pays for delivery and insurance to the named point of destination, but risk passes earlier in the supply chain, when the carrier receives the goods from the seller.  ‘D’ terms, such as DDP, (delivered duty paid to a named place of destination), means that the seller bears the responsibility for delivering the goods to a named place in the country of the buyer, with all logistics and insurance costs paid, as well as import duties and taxes.  This method places the maximum obligation with the seller and the minimum with the buyer.

Many buyers choose to ask suppliers to quote prices on more than one basis.  For example, a buyer might ask for two quotations, the first on the basis of ex-works at the supplier’s facility [Incoterm: EXW] and the second quotation on the basis of the goods being delivered to the buyer’s premises [Incoterm: DDP].  By using the Incoterms, EXW and DDP, both the supplier and the buyer are clear as to what is covered in the quotations as regards transportation, insurance and delivery.   Comparison of the two quotations allows the buyer to determine if it is more cost effective to engage a freight-forwarder to manage the supply chain or rely upon the supplier.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




Ofertas de Trabajo
 
Responsable de Aprovisionamiento
     
     Zaragoza  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Técnico de Logística (H/M) - Importante empresa del sector Industrial
     
     Barcelona  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Director/a Logística con Inglés (h/m)
     
     Zaragoza  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

ERP Senior manager Procurement & Supply Chain - Professionally-monitored alarm systems company
     
     Madrid  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Responsable de Compras. Entorno industrial.
     
     Castellón  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Responsable de Logística (H/M) - Empresa del sector Plástico
     
     Barcelona  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

EU Indirect Procurement Manager
     
     Barcelona  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Local Site Lead
     
     Madrid  -  PERM  -  Bristol-Myers Squibb

Responsable de Operaciones Zona Toledo
     
     Toledo  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Responsable de Operaciónes Zona Ontígola
     
     Madrid  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Jefe de Logística (h/m)
     
     Valencia  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Materials Planner (H/M) - Empresa del sector Óptico
     
     Barcelona  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Order Manager - Flemish Speaker (m/f) SSC
     
     International  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Plant Buyer - Importante empresa del sector Automotive
     
     Barcelona  -  PERM  -  Michael Page

Responsable de Compras Industriales (H/M) - Importante empresa del sector Industrial
     
     Barcelona  -  PERM  -  Michael Page



 
           Circular Economy     Industry 4.0     Blockchain 

     Internet of Things     Omni Channel 


Join us on


Noticias y Tendencias
 

Última actualización 5 Nov 2018
Modest growth of Spanish manufacturing sector signalled in October
   Fuente: Markit Spain Manufacturing PMI ®  -  IHS Markit
Spain 


Durante los picos estacionales, los consumidores dejan de gastar un tercio de su presupuesto

Los picos estacionales ofrecen a los retailers una oportunidad única para aumentar la facturación a través de promociones planificadas. Sin embargo, según un estudio reciente realizado por ...


Educación
 

Agenda Local y Regional
 


Recursos
 
GRUPO LOGÍSTICO ANDREANI: Grupo Logístico Andreani incrementa productividad de operaciones logísticas con Infor Supply Chain Execution

Acerca Grupo Logístico Andreani Grupo Logístico Andreani es una compañía líder en logística fundada en 1945. Empresa basada en Argentina con 5500 empleados, integrada por 4...

The Purchasing Chessboard™. Enfoques innovadores para gestionar las compras en mercados favorables al proveedor

La consolidación continua de los mercados proveedores, el alza de los precios de los productos energéticos y la creciente demanda de materias primas por parte de las economías emergentes han cambiado...


Agenda Internacional